Heat, physical exertion and emotional or nervous states are the main causes of excessive sweating. Many sportspeople suffer from the inconveniences of excessive sweating, which causes situations of discomfort and insecurity.
Sweating is the physiological process by which our body manages to maintain an optimal body temperature in order to work. Hence, it is normal to sweat in the heat and during exercise or in stressful situations.
Consequences of excessive sweating
Excess moisture caused by sweat can lead to skin maceration and, therefore, the appearance of chafing or skin infections, among other skin lesions.
Chafing from sports footwear generally takes place due to constant and repetitive friction with clothing or with the skin itself, especially in skin folds, such as the armpits. Infections occur when the epidermis loses its ability to protect itself from the outside or external microorganisms manage to alter the defensive balance of the skin. Both commensal flora and exogenous microorganisms can cause these diseases.
Repeated microtrauma in certain locations, excess humidity, heat, bad transpiration, contact with equipment and with other players, among other factors, make the sportsperson especially prone to infection.
Infections can be bacterial, fungal, or viral. Among the most common are impetigo (a frequent bacterial infection that produces bullous vesicles that evolve into crusts), folliculitis (an inflammation of the sebaceous follicle), boils (deep infections of the hair follicle) and abscesses (deep infections of the soft tissue).
How to treat excessive sweating
For all these reasons, it is advisable to take measures to avoid excessive sweating. In that regard, topical antiperspirants are often effective. This is due to their ability to reduce sweating by partially and temporarily obstructing the excretory ducts of the sweat glands.
These antiperspirants can come in different formats (roll-ons, wipes, sprays, powders, shoe insoles, etc.) depending on the area of application that they have been formulated for.
Regular exercise means that the sportsperson is constantly taking showers, therefore, it is important that the antiperspirants can be used more than once a day.
The importance of good hydration
Hydration in sports is a key aspect of physical performance.
Making physical effort increases perspiration, as this is how the body maintains its body temperature. If perspiration is prolonged over time, there is less plasma volume and sweating, which worsens the sportsperson's thermoregulation.
The water content in the body is higher in individuals with a greater muscle mass and lower in individuals with a higher fat percentage.
Moderate or severe fluid deficits can also have an effect on the recovery process, making hydration an immediate priority.
It is important to take into account the following regarding sportspeople and correct hydration:
- Before exercising, you should have consumed at least half a litre of water in the 60-90 minutes prior to the activity.
- During sports, it is recommended to drink 100-200 ml of water every 15-20 minutes. For intense exercise lasting more than 60 minutes, energy drinks are a good option.
- After exercise, immediate rehydration is essential. It is also recommended to consume sports drinks to enable the recovery of muscle glycogen.