Over time, the skin on the face suffers changes that alter its structure, and so its needs are different during each stage of life. Caring daily for mature skin using formulas adapted to this type of skin is essential to maintain the skin’s natural beauty.
Factors that influence skin ageing
The factors that influence skin ageing depend on the type in question.
There are two types of skin ageing: extrinsic and intrinsic.
Extrinsic ageing is produced by factors that are external to the body. Climate, solar radiation, and especially ultraviolet radiation are responsible for photoageing. Unhealthy lifestyle habits: inadequate diets, tobacco and alcohol consumption, etc. also harm the condition of the skin.
Intrinsic ageing depends on the natural passage of time (chronological), the skin phototype (genetic), the altitude of the place of residence (gravitational) and hormone production (endocrine-hormonal).
All these factors cause changes in the structure, morphology and functionality of mature skin.
Characteristics of mature skin
In general, mature skin is known for its characteristic decrease in functional capacity and is therefore more exposed to environmental factors. This happens because the skin becomes thinner, drier and more fragile over time, losing elasticity and turgidity, and it heals with greater difficultly. Wrinkles and pigmentation changes also appear.
How to care for mature skin
The characteristics of mature skin determine how to care for it.
From the age of 40, wrinkles start to become more accentuated, especially on the forehead, in the nasolabial groove and around the eyes. The first symptoms of sagging in mature skin also appear on the face and neck, and the skin needs more hydration due to hormonal changes.
The use of creams and serums with a high hydrating capacity, that include ingredients to repair and firm up the skin, is indispensable to slow the advance of wrinkles and sagging.
After the menopause, the skin becomes thinner and fragile, and the degradation of collagen and elastin fibres is ever more noticeable, leading to a loss of elasticity and tone. The tissue relaxes and the oval of the face gradually becomes less pronounced.
It is necessary to apply hydrating creams with a rich texture, which reinforce the internal structure of the cells, with firming and toning ingredients such as phytohormones that help to compensate for hormonal changes in mature skin.
Daily hygiene is also very important. As mature skin tends to dry out and become rough, mild cleansers are recommended that to avoid this and to respect the skin's barrier function.
Sun protection is also further basic care for mature skin. Sunscreens that have a protection factor and a texture appropriate for the skin type should be used.